Secure surfing on the Internet

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This article will give you some keys for secure surfing on the Internet – in minimizing the risks.

You have to think about security and privacy if you do the following :

  • Using e-mail to exchange sensitive/private information
  • Buying stuff on the Internet
  • Bank account transactions
  • Do the mentioned tasks above from different computers or places

Basic measures

  • Do not communicate ANY sensitive data (IDs, passwords, etc) to anybody else, nor communicate them by e-mail.
  • Use strong passwords like – Ya/*12X+25q – , don’t use your telephone number or birthday!
  • Surf on the Internet in a user session ONLY !
  • Run a firewall in stealth mode
  • Update all software on you computer on a regular basis
  • Install program(s) to protect you from malware like : viruses, trojans, spyware and rootkits. Scan your computer on a regular basis for malware.

Internet browser

  • Use the newest version
  • Configure your browser as strict as possible, use eventually an LSO (flash cookie) cleaner plugin and a script blocker like NoScript
  • Enable private browsing, this allows you to browse the Internet without saving any information about which sites and pages you’ve visited.

Specific e-mail measures

  • Configure your e-mail connection secure, check the presence of https://. Avoid http://

Money related measures

  • By stuff only from known, trusted Websites like ebay, Amazon, Priceminister, etc or check if there is a digital certificate like VeriSign or TRUSTe

  • Use a specific and restricted bank account for buying stuff on the Internet
  • Use the visual keyboard (on screen keyboard) to login

Measures on a remote computer

  • Use only the visual keyboard (on screen keyboard) to login
  • Use the Tails live operating system. You can start it on almost any computer from a DVD, USB stick, or SD card. It helps you to :
    • Use the Internet anonymously and circumvent censorship. All connections to the Internet are forced to go through the Tor network
    • Leave no trace on the computer you are using unless you ask it explicitly
    • Use state-of-the-art cryptographic tools to encrypt your files, emails and instant messaging

The same article in French

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